What are the Different types of Cheques in India? ask CAREERS

Customers may request/insist their banks for cheque forms that are compliant with the “CTS 2010” standard. They should preferably use image-friendly coloured inks while writing cheques and avoid any alterations / corrections thereon. Preferably, a new cheque leaf may be used in the event of any alterations / corrections as the cheque may be cleared through image based clearing system. The prescription on prohibiting alterations / corrections on cheques has been introduced to curtail cheque related frauds.

  • As part of the requirement, the collecting bank sends the data and captured images duly signed digitally and encrypted to the central processing location for onward transmission to the paying bank .
  • These can be encashed or used at exchange bureaus, banks, shops, restaurants, hotels, etc.
  • The solution encompasses Image Quality Assessment at different levels.
  • A black and white image is also called a binary image.

In such cases, the banker will not make the payment without the permission of the drawer. From the name, you can probably understand that such types of cheques are for self-use only. This is the person who signs and issues the bank to pay the respective amount of money https://1investing.in/ from his account to the person who can draw the cheque. Along with the dynamic trends, there formed an evolution in the way money is transferred from person to person. Know the importance of cheques and the meaning of cheque for banking and monetary transactions here.

What are the Different types of Cheques in India?

Of course, such of those customers, who are used to receiving the paid instruments would also receive the cheque images. Cheques with alterations in material fields are not allowed to be processed under the CTS environment. The Clearing House processes the data, arrives at the settlement figure and routes Strategic business course of management in 6 steps the images and requisite data to the paying banks. The paying banks through their CHIs receive the images and data from the Clearing House for payment processing. To ensure security, safety and non-repudiation of data / images, end-to-end Public Key Infrastructure has been implemented in CTS.

types of cheques in india

In India, during the Mauryan empire, Adesha was used as the official bill of credit. Not only in this era, but Romans also used cheques as prescriptions. In the 13th century, cheques were used to pay for commercial trade. In Venice, they use it as the bill of credit, and the cheques were used as the order to pay the amount to the third party.

What is the Purpose of Cheque?

It comes under bearer cheque where instead of writing the name, the account holder writes “self” to receive money physically from the branch where he holds the account. A cheque is an important document that an individual, company government, and others use to transact their business. There are various types of cheques used in our banking system which have certain protocols that we need to follow while writing a cheque.

  • Is when the right of payment is transferred from the payee to another party, and then the payee is called an endorser.
  • This means that the payment can be done only to that particular bank whose name appears in the crossing or its collecting agent.
  • A bearer check is one in which the bearer is authorized to have the cheque cashed.
  • This is the person who receives the payment from the holder of the cheque through the bank.

These can be encashed or used at exchange bureaus, banks, shops, restaurants, hotels, etc. A cheque should mention the amount of money in figures and words. CAs, experts and businesses can get GST ready with ClearTax GST software & certification course.

Ante Dated Cheque

A cheque in which the drawer mentions a date earlier than the date at which it is presented to the bank, it is called as anti-dated cheque. Similarly, if it mentions a date that’s yet to come, is called post-dated cheque. A cheque is a financial instrument that can be easily transferred to another person through endorsement. Due to its simplicity, it’s still one of the popular methods of payment in India.

The individual who creates a bill of exchange or cheque is known as the “drawer,” and the person who is advised to pay is known as the “drawee.” The Traveler’s cheque, as the name implies, can be used while traveling overseas where Indian cash is not accepted. If a person is traveling overseas, he can bring a traveler’s check with him and have it cashed in other countries. Before paying out the funds, the bank may verify the payee’s identification.

Bank Cheques: Different Types of Cheques and its features

Your bank may not be compatible with the cross cheque system if it doesn’t offer it specifically. Make sure to ask your bank about its compatibility before signing up for a cross cheque system. A cheque is acceptable at all branches of the concerned bank across the country.

  • Only from the drawer’s account to the payee’s account can the money be moved.
  • With a cheque, there are three people involved.Drawer or Maker – The client or account holder who issues the cheque is known as the drawer.
  • CTS is compliant to the requirements of the IT Act, 2000.
  • The customer may also have to pay a fee for processing the payment.
  • Cheque refers to a document issued by an individual to his or her bank, directing their respective banks to pay the person whose name is mentioned in the document the sum specified in it.

A cheque is usually valid for 3 months in India from the date of its issuance. However, it is not valid if it is postdated or antedated cheque. Such cheques are issued by the bank itself and guarantee payment. It is considered the safest type of cheque and is also known as a crossed cheque.

This prohibition is applicable to cheques cleared under the image based Cheque Truncation System only. It is not applicable to cheques cleared under physical exchange of instruments. Consolidation of clearing locations into a few grids minimise the investment in MICR machines and the related AMC costs. Banks will benefit from economies of scale as the grid CTS obviates the need for establishing inward cheque processing infrastructure at various clearing locations. The purpose of a cheque which is a negotiable instrument is to ensure smooth monetary transactions as per the required specifications. Today cash is the widely used method of payment but if somebody has to do the payment in future date then the cheque is the best payment method.

Who is cheque drawee?

Amount mentioned on the cheque is only transferred to the bank account of the payee. A cheque, sometimes known as a check in American English, is a document that instructs a bank to pay a certain sum of money from a person’s account to the person whose name the cheque is issued. This is the same as an account payee cheque, except there is no need for a third party to be involved. The funds will be sent immediately to the account number of the payee.